Houses sizes of the LBK settlement Vráble-Veľké Lehemby, Slovakia
The research project "The Dynamics of Settlement Concentration Processes and Land-Use in Early Farming Communities of the Northwestern Carpathian Basin" investigates settlement patterns and land-use dynamics in the Žitava valley during the Neolithic.
Discovered in 2010, the agglomerated Early Neolithic settlement of Vráble proved to be an outstanding site dating between 5250 and 4950 calBCE. The settlement is divided into three distinct groups of houses, which we interpret as neighbourhoods inhabited by different socio-political groups. The settlement history is characterised by a process of low-intensity agglomeration, during which the three neighbourhoods were continuously inhabited and used at the same time. The last phase of the settlement history is characterised by the construction of a ditch system around the south-western neighbourhood, with all entrances to the enclosure facing away from the other parts of the settlement. The social importance, but also the potentially conflictual end of the settlement, is reflected in a series of regular and irregular burials, as well as specific depositional practices within the ditch itself. The life within this agglomerated settlement ended in 4950 calBCE and led to a complete restructuring of the settlement structures in the following Lengyel phases of the Neolithic in the Žitava valley.
The German-Slovak research team documented a total of 313 houses with the help of geomagnetic prospection. This plan, together with an extensive coring programme, allowed the spatio-temporal development of the settlement to be reconstructed. It also allowed the reconstruction of the house sizes of 304 houses according to their association with one of the three neighbourhoods of Vráble.